The idea of marriage has been a big issue in the past few years. I have taken opportunities to study and read a lot about what the Bible truly says about marriage , sexuality and relationships. Sometimes I find myself surprised by what it actually says and sometimes what it doesn’t say. This is not about marriage but it is about Christians possibly interpreting passages incorrectly. So read the following and see if we might be doing just that.
Some of what I have read has suggested that our idea of the meaning of the story of Sodom and Gomorrah may be incorrect. That it has nothing to do with sex, but how we treat each other. The story in Genesis chapter 19 is compared with the story in Judges chapter 19. The story in judges, I have never heard a sermon or Bible study that made the sexuality an issue yet the two stories have a lot in common. Let us first look at the similarities between the two stories.
Both stories have strangers going into a town in which no one seemed to help them. Eventually, someone came and took them into their home. It was considered normal, even expected, that when a stranger came into the town that the people would immediately take care of their needs, yet in both stories this does not happen.
After the men are taken into these homes people of the town come and demand that this stranger be sent out so that they can rape them. This is of course where we get the idea that it is about homosexuality. However, most psychologists and counselors today will tell us that rape is not about sex. It is about power or control over the other individual. So did they want sex or to control or hurt the stranger whom they were supposed to protect and take care of?
Following this in both stories the people of the town are offered women. The daughters of Lot are offered in Genesis and the daughter of the man of the town and the stranger’s concubine in Judges. Remember that throughout the Biblical times women were simply property so they were simply trying to buy their way out of the situation. The people of the town did not want the property. That would not help them control or have power over the strangers. In Judges the men of the town did take the property and destroyed it. In other words they killed the concubine.
After these events the strangers were able to leave and then judgment came on the cities. Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed by fire and brimstone and Gibeah was destroyed in a war with the other tribes of Israel.
Then both Lot and those of Gibeah are given wives and children through unconventional means. Lot has sex with his daughters and the men of Gibeah kidnap some women for their wives. Again, women are property so there is no protection for them. And in the future King Saul was from Gibeah. (1 Samuel 10:26) Lot’s children became the nations of Moab and Ammon. The book of Ruth tells us that Ruth is about a Moabite. Ruth is the great grandmother of King David. So, both of these stories ended up leading to future kings of Israel.
Those that believe that this story is about how we take care of our neighbors or strangers also refer to Ezekiel 16:49 “This was the sin of your sister Sodom: She and her daughters were proud and had plenty of food and lived in great comfort, but she did not help the poor and needy.” So Sodom and her daughters were proud and did things I hate in front of me. So I got rid of them when I saw what they did.”
No place in this verse does it list sexuality, but it does list not taking care of others. They also discus Isaiah 1:16 and 17 “Wash yourselves and make yourselves clean. Stop doing the evil things I see you do. Stop doing wrong. Learn to do good. Seek justice. Punish those who hurt others. Help the orphans. Stand up for the rights of widows.” In verse 10 of this chapter God starts comparing Jerusalem with Sodom and ends with these words. Again, nowhere is sexuality used but taking care of others is mentioned.
Isaiah 3:8 & 9 continues this idea. Especially since the people of the town did these acts in the open seemingly with no care about it.
“This will happen because Jerusalem has stumbled, and Judah has fallen. The things they say and do are against the LORD; they turn against him. The look on their faces shows they are guilty; like the people of Sodom, they are proud of their sin. They don’t care who sees it. How terrible it will be for them, because they have brought much trouble on themselves.” Isaiah 3:8 & 9
The final part of the discussion is that just before the strangers enter into Sodom, Abraham is visited by three strangers, but Abraham takes care of them. He makes them a meal and spends time with them. This is what we are called to do in contrast to what happens in Sodom. Also, the conversation between Abraham and Yaweh in chapter 18 discusses the righteousness of the cities. It never mentions any specific sins.
So what do you think? Is it possible that we have misinterpreted this story? I do encourage you to read the stories over again and see what you think.
I must add that Sodom is talked about in nine verses in the New Testament Only Jude 1:7 seems to discuss sexual sins but does not specifically say homosexuality. Sodom is mentioned 38 times in the Old Testament. I have read all those verses but very few have anything to do with sexuality. Most of those that do mention sexuality seem to deal with spiritual adultery and none mention homosexuality. However, I encourage you to be your own judge. Read them and get back to me. I’ll be waiting.